What Element Is In Group 2 Period 3?

What Period 3 element has the highest melting point?

siliconIn general, we can say that the elements become less metallic in nature (more non-metallic) across period 3 from left to right.

But what about silicon.

It has the highest melting point and boiling point..

Does the melting point increase across a period?

Melting and boiling points rise across the three metals because of the increasing strength of the metallic bonds. The number of electrons which each atom can contribute to the delocalised “sea of electrons” increases. The atoms also get smaller and have more protons as you go from sodium to magnesium to aluminium.

Why is Group 2 called alkaline earth metals?

They are called “alkaline” earth metals because they form “alkaline” solutions, hydroxides, when they react with water . This term “Alkaline” means that the solution has a pH greater than seven and is basic. Thus, the alkaline earth metals form very basic solutions and are excellent reducing agents.

Why do melting points decrease across Period 3?

There are are van der Waals’ forces between its atoms. The melting and boiling points of these elements are very low because: van der Waals’ forces are very weak forces of attraction … little energy is needed to overcome them.

Why silicon has high melting point?

Silicon is a non-metal, and has a giant covalent structure exactly the same as carbon in diamond – hence the high melting point. You have to break strong covalent bonds in order to melt it.

What element is in Group 2 Period 4?

element zirconiumThis is the element zirconium , Zr . You should not have to remember these symbols, because a Periodic Table should always be supplied.

Which element in Period 2 has the most mass?

1 Answer. The element in Period 2 with most mass is clearly the element with the highest atomic number, Z , and that is Ne , Z=10 , 21.08⋅g⋅mol−1 .

What element is in group 13 Period 2?

The boron family contains elements in group 13 of the periodic talbe and include the semi-metal boron (B) and the metals aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), and thallium (Tl).

Why is Group 2 Period 3 mg?

Magnesium with an atomic number of 12 is in Group 2 as it has 2 electrons in its valence (outermost) shell. Its 12 electrons are arranged 2.8. 3. This is why it is placed in period 3 as its valence electrons are filling the 3rd energy level / shell.

Which period has the most nonmetals?

Period 2Period 2 only has two metals (lithium and beryllium) of eight elements, less than for any subsequent period both by number and by proportion. It also has the most number of nonmetals, namely five, among all periods.

What is the lightest element on earth?

HydrogenThe lightest chemical element is Hydrogen and the heaviest is Hassium. The unity for atomic mass is gram per mol. Please note that the elements do not show their natural relation towards each other as in the Periodic system.

What is the symbol for lead?

PbLead/Symbol

Which element in period 3 is the most active nonmetal?

ChlorineChlorine. The most active nonmetal in any period is second to last (halogens), right before the noble gases.

Which element can lose electrons most easily in third period and why?

Answer. In particular, cesium (Cs) can give up its valence electron more easily than can lithium (Li). In fact, for the alkali metals (the elements in Group 1), the ease of giving up an electron varies as follows: Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li with Cs the most likely, and Li the least likely, to lose an electron.

Which element is in Group 2 and Period 3 of the periodic table?

The third period contains eight elements: sodium, magnesium, aluminium, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and argon. The first two, sodium and magnesium, are members of the s-block of the periodic table, while the others are members of the p-block….Period 3 element.HydrogenRubidiumStrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobium5 more columns

What element is in Group 7 Period 3?

The Group 7 elements are called the halogens. They are placed in the vertical column, second from the right, in the periodic table . Chlorine, bromine and iodine are the three common Group 7 elements. Group 7 elements form salts when they react with metals.

What are the elements between Group 2 and 3 called?

the block in between Group 2 and Group 3 is where the transition metals are placed. there are only two elements in Period 1 (hydrogen and helium)

Which element is in period 3 Group 13?

Boron group elementBoron group element, any of the six chemical elements constituting Group 13 (IIIa) of the periodic table. The elements are boron (B), aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), thallium (Tl), and nihonium (Nh).