What Are The Two Major Components Of The Integumentary System?

What are the components of the integumentary system quizlet?

The three parts of the integumentary system are the skin, hair and nails..

What is the integumentary system and what does it do?

The integumentary system excretes wastes and regulates body temperature. The skin is the body’s initial defense against bacteria, viruses and other microbes. Human skin color is determined by the interaction of melanin, carotene and hemoglobin.

How is skin made up?

Skin is made up of three layers. The outermost is the epidermis. This consists mainly of cells called keratinocytes, made from the tough protein keratin (also the material in hair and nails). Keratinocytes form several layers that constantly grow outwards as the exterior cells die and flake off.

How anatomy of skin improves immunity?

The skin acts as a barrier, a kind of sheath, made of several layers of cells and their related glands. The skin is a dynamic organ that contains different cells which contains elements of the innate and the adaptive immune systems which are activated when the tissue is under attack by invading pathogens.

What are the 6 functions of the integumentary system?

The skin performs six primary functions which include, protection, absorption, excretion, secretion, regulation and sensation.Protection. The skin functions as our first line of defense against toxins, radiation and harmful pollutants. … Absorption. … Excretion. … Secretion. … Regulation. … Sensation.

How do you keep the integumentary system healthy?

To keep it gentle:Limit bath time. Hot water and long showers or baths remove oils from your skin. … Avoid strong soaps. Strong soaps and detergents can strip oil from your skin. … Shave carefully. To protect and lubricate your skin, apply shaving cream, lotion or gel before shaving. … Pat dry. … Moisturize dry skin.

What are the 3 layers within this organ?

The Three Layers of Skin and Their FunctionsThe Epidermis. The epidermis is the water-resistant outer layer of skin and the body’s first line of defense against environmental elements, ultraviolet radiation, bacteria, and other germs. … The Dermis. The dermis is the layer of skin under the epidermis. … The Hypodermis.

What are the two layers of skin?

Epidermis is the top layer of the skin, the part of the skin you see. Dermis is the second layer of skin. It’s much thicker and does a lot for your body. Subcutaneous fat is the bottom layer.

What are the three parts of the integumentary system?

The integumentary system is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands. The skin is only a few millimeters thick yet is by far the largest organ in the body.

What is integumentary disorder?

The integumentary system is susceptible to a variety of diseases, disorders, and injuries. These range from annoying but relatively benign bacterial or fungal infections that are categorized as disorders, to skin cancer and severe burns, which can be fatal.

Which layer of skin does hair grow from?

epidermisHair is a keratinous filament growing out of the epidermis. It is primarily made of dead, keratinized cells. Strands of hair originate in an epidermal penetration of the dermis called the hair follicle.

What are the three main functions of the integumentary system?

The skin has three main functions: protection, regulation and sensation.

What are the 5 main functions of the integumentary system?

FunctionsProtect the body’s internal living tissues and organs.Protect against invasion by infectious organisms.Protect the body from dehydration.Protect the body against abrupt changes in temperature, maintain homeostasis.Help excrete waste materials through perspiration.More items…

What are the 4 layers of the skin?

Layers of the SkinThe Basal Cell Layer. The basal layer is the innermost layer of the epidermis, and contains small round cells called basal cells. … The Squamous Cell Layer. … The Stratum Granulosum & the Stratum Lucidum. … The Stratum Corneum. … The Papillary Layer. … The Reticular Layer.

What is the main function of integumentary system?

The integumentary system protects the body’s internal living tissues and organs, protects against invasion by infectious organism, and protects the body from dehydration.

How does the muscular system work with the integumentary system?

The integumentary system also greatly interacts with the muscular system. … By maintaining the right amount of pressure, the right temperature, and controlling what comes into the body, your skin protects those muscles that help you move around.

What are the three layers of skin and what structures are found in each layer?

Skin has three layers:The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, provides a waterproof barrier and creates our skin tone.The dermis, beneath the epidermis, contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat glands.The deeper subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) is made of fat and connective tissue.

What are the 7 layers of skin called?

What are the seven most important layers of your skin?Stratum corneum.Stratum lucidum.Stratum granulosum.Stratum spinosum.Stratum basale.Dermis.Hypodermis.

What are the five layers of the skin?

Structure of the Skin: Epidermis. The epidermis includes five main layers: the stratum corneum, stratum lucidium, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum germinativum.

What are at least two ways the integumentary system and muscular system work together?

Internal Temperatures Similarly, the cardiovascular, integumentary (skin and associated structures), respiratory, and muscular systems work together to help the body maintain a stable internal temperature. If body temperature rises, blood vessels in the skin dilate, allowing more blood to flow near the skin’s surface.

What are the 8 functions of the skin?

Functions of the skinProvides a protective barrier against mechanical, thermal and physical injury and hazardous substances.Prevents loss of moisture.Reduces harmful effects of UV radiation.Acts as a sensory organ (touch, detects temperature).Helps regulate temperature.An immune organ to detect infections etc.Production of vitamin D.

What layer of skin is white?

Review. Dermal White Adipose Tissue: A Newly Recognized Layer of Skin Innate Defense. Dermal white adipose tissue is a unique layer of adipocytes within the reticular dermis of the skin.

What are the major components of the integumentary system?

The integumentary system is composed of the following parts:Skin.Skin appendages. Hairs. Nails. Sweat glands. Sebaceous glands.Subcutaneous tissue and deep fascia.Mucocutaneous junctions.Breasts.

What two systems work with the integumentary system?

The integumentary system also works closely with the circulatory system and the surface capillaries through your body.

What are the 3 main layers of the skin?

There are three main layers of the skin.Epidermis is the top layer of the skin, the part of the skin you see.Dermis is the second layer of skin. It’s much thicker and does a lot for your body.Subcutaneous fat is the bottom layer.

What are the 7 functions of the integumentary system?

Terms in this set (7)Protection. Microorganism, dehydration, ultraviolet light, mechanical damage.Sensation. Sense pain, temperature, touch, deep pressure.Allows movement. Allows movement muscles can flex & body can move.Endocrine. Vitamin D production by your skin.Excretion. … Immunity. … Regulate Temperature.