Quick Answer: Is Varchar Faster Than Text?

What is the difference between text and varchar?

TEXT has a fixed max size of 2¹⁶-1 = 65535 characters.

VARCHAR has a variable max size M up to M = 2¹⁶-1 .

So you cannot choose the size of TEXT but you can for a VARCHAR .

The other difference is, that you cannot put an index (except for a fulltext index) on a TEXT column..

Which is faster char or varchar?

VARCHAR is used to store variable length character strings up to 4000 characters. But, remember CHAR is faster than VARCHAR – some times up to 50% faster.

Is varchar a text?

Some Differences Between VARCHAR and TEXT The VAR in VARCHAR means that you can set the max size to anything between 1 and 65,535. TEXT fields have a fixed max size of 65,535 characters. A VARCHAR can be part of an index whereas a TEXT field requires you to specify a prefix length, which can be part of an index.

Is a varchar?

A varchar or Variable Character Field is a set of character data of indeterminate length. The term varchar refers to a data type of a field (or column) in a Database Management System which can hold letters and numbers.

How many texts is 255?

Most usually a 255 characters can be 51 words if we consider making a word with 5 characters each.

Why do we use varchar?

VARCHAR Datatype: It is a datatype in SQL which is used to store character string of variable length but maximum of set length specified. If the length of string is less than set or fixed length then it will store as it is without padded with extra blank spaces.

Can varchar take numbers?

So what is varchar in SQL? As the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying. Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type. It can hold numbers, letters and special characters.

Should I use text or varchar?

Use VARCHAR when you have a variable number of characters for every entry. If you need more storage than VARCHAR can provide, CLOB with UTF-8 encoding or equivalent standard type. NEVER use TEXT as it is non-standard.

Why is varchar 255?

255 is used because it’s the largest number of characters that can be counted with an 8-bit number. … When used this way, VarChar only uses the number of bytes + 1 to store your text, so you might as well set it to 255, unless you want a hard limit (like 50) on the number of characters in the field.

Can char accept numbers in SQL?

You can use CHAR , VARCHAR , VARCHAR 2 , NVARCHAR as datatype for your field(in MsSQL). They all have some different properties but they all store alphanumeric values(i.e A10).

Why we use varchar instead of char?

CHAR is a fixed length field; VARCHAR is a variable length field. If you are storing strings with a wildly variable length such as names, then use a VARCHAR, if the length is always the same, then use a CHAR because it is slightly more size-efficient, and also slightly faster.

Which datatype is used for gender mysql?

ENUM data typeThe ENUM data type allows you to specify a list of possible values that can be stored in a column. For example, a column specified as gender ENUM(‘male’, ‘female’) NOT NULL can have any of these values: ”, ‘male’ or ‘female’.