- What is trigger in SQL?
- What is self join with example?
- Why We Use join in SQL?
- Which is the most common type of join?
- How do I join 3 tables in SQL?
- What does (+) mean in SQL JOIN?
- How do I get the same value in a column in SQL?
- What are cursors in SQL?
- What is self join in MySQL with example?
- What are self joins in SQL?
- CAN JOIN be applied on one table?
- What is primary key SQL?
- Why is self Join used?
- Why is self Join needed?
- Is self join expensive?
- What is the difference between self join and inner join?
- What is a natural join?
- Where is self Join used?
- What is a non equi join?
- What is a cross join?
What is trigger in SQL?
A trigger is a special type of stored procedure that automatically runs when an event occurs in the database server.
DML triggers run when a user tries to modify data through a data manipulation language (DML) event.
DML events are INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statements on a table or view..
What is self join with example?
A self JOIN occurs when a table takes a ‘selfie’, that is, it JOINs with itself. A self JOIN is a regular join but the table that it joins to is itself. This can be useful when modeling hierarchies. SELF JOINs are also useful for comparisons within a table.
Why We Use join in SQL?
A JOIN clause is used to combine rows from two or more tables, based on a related column between them. Notice that the “CustomerID” column in the “Orders” table refers to the “CustomerID” in the “Customers” table. The relationship between the two tables above is the “CustomerID” column.
Which is the most common type of join?
SQL INNER JOIN (simple join) It is the most common type of SQL join.
How do I join 3 tables in SQL?
We’ve simply repeated the JOIN clause and joined three tables….Joining 3 Tables Using a Junction TableThe first step is to look at the schema and select the columns we want to show. … The next step is to determine which tables will be necessary for the query. … In the final part, we’ll have to join all the tables together.
What does (+) mean in SQL JOIN?
Outer Join OperatorOuter Join Operator (+) – Oracle to SQL Server Migration Oracle outer join operator (+) allows you to perform outer joins on two or more tables. Quick Example: — Select all rows from cities table even if there is no matching row in counties table SELECT cities.
How do I get the same value in a column in SQL?
Find duplicate values in one columnFirst, use the GROUP BY clause to group all rows by the target column, which is the column that you want to check duplicate.Then, use the COUNT() function in the HAVING clause to check if any group have more than 1 element. These groups are duplicate.
What are cursors in SQL?
A cursor holds the rows (one or more) returned by a SQL statement. The set of rows the cursor holds is referred to as the active set. You can name a cursor so that it could be referred to in a program to fetch and process the rows returned by the SQL statement, one at a time.
What is self join in MySQL with example?
The self join is often used to query hierarchical data or to compare a row with other rows within the same table. To perform a self join, you must use table aliases to not repeat the same table name twice in a single query.
What are self joins in SQL?
A self JOIN is a regular join, but the table is joined with itself.
CAN JOIN be applied on one table?
Noting that joins can be applied over more than two tables. To apply join between two tables, one table must contain a column that is a reference for the other table.
What is primary key SQL?
The PRIMARY KEY constraint uniquely identifies each record in a table. Primary keys must contain UNIQUE values, and cannot contain NULL values. A table can have only ONE primary key; and in the table, this primary key can consist of single or multiple columns (fields).
Why is self Join used?
You use self-join to create a result set that joins the rows with the other rows within the same table. Because you cannot refer to the same table more than one in a query, you need to use a table alias to assign the table a different name when you use self-join.
Why is self Join needed?
It is useful for querying hierarchical data or comparing rows within the same table. A self join uses the inner join or left join clause. Because the query that uses self join references the same table, the table alias is used to assign different names to the same table within the query.
Is self join expensive?
A self join is where a table joins to itself. Both are expensive. Both have uses and are sometimes the right choice, depending on your situation.
What is the difference between self join and inner join?
The main difference between Self Join and Equi Join is that In Self Join we join one table to itself rather than joining two tables. … By the way, If you have written INNER join using where clause than using a comparison operator as = will be known as an equijoin.
What is a natural join?
A NATURAL JOIN is a JOIN operation that creates an implicit join clause for you based on the common columns in the two tables being joined. Common columns are columns that have the same name in both tables. A NATURAL JOIN can be an INNER join, a LEFT OUTER join, or a RIGHT OUTER join.
Where is self Join used?
You use a self join when a table references data in itself. E.g., an Employee table may have a SupervisorID column that points to the employee that is the boss of the current employee. It’s basically used where there is any relationship between rows stored in the same table.
What is a non equi join?
Non-equi joins are joins whose join conditions use conditional operators other than equals. An example would be where we are matching first name and then last name, but we are checking where one field from a table does not equal field from another table.
What is a cross join?
The CROSS JOIN is used to generate a paired combination of each row of the first table with each row of the second table. This join type is also known as cartesian join. … The main idea of the CROSS JOIN is that it returns the Cartesian product of the joined tables.