Question: What Was The Free Zone In France During WWII?

What was the difference between Vichy France and Free France?

Vichy France was a puppet government set up by the occupying German forces and Free France was the name for a group of French people that continued to fight the German occupation forces..

How did the French continue to resist Germany during WWII?

The resistance movement developed to provide the Allies with intelligence, attack the Germans when possible and to assist the escape of Allied airmen. In the immediate aftermath of the June 1940 surrender, France went into a period of shock. … He called on the French people to continue the fight against the Germans.

Was the whole of France occupied during ww2?

France was the largest military power to come under occupation as part of the Western Front in World War II. … From 1940 to 1942, while the Vichy regime was the nominal government of all of France except for Alsace-Lorraine, the Germans and Italians militarily occupied northern and south-eastern France.

What parts of France were occupied by Germany?

On November 10, 1942, German troops occupy Vichy France, which had previously been free of an Axis military presence. Since July 1940, upon being invaded and defeated by Nazi German forces, the autonomous French state had been split into two regions.

What side was Vichy France on?

Despite heavy pressure, the French government at Vichy never joined the Axis alliance and even remained formally at war with Germany. Conversely, Vichy France became a collaborationist regime, and was little more than a Nazi client state.

What is Vichy France famous for?

It lies on the east bank of the Allier River. Vichy is renowned as one of the largest spas in France. The town, largely modern and with a profusion of hotels, is separated from the river by parks surrounding the two extensive bathing establishments.

How did Vichy France come to be?

How did Vichy France come to be? When France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939, following the German invasion of Poland, the French military spent eight months watching and waiting for the first strike. The so-called “Phoney War” ended abruptly in May, when Germany’s Blitzkrieg burst upon the French.

Why did Germany occupy France?

Paris started mobilizing for war in September 1939, when Nazi Germany attacked Poland, but the war seemed far away until May 10, 1940, when the Germans attacked France and quickly defeated the French army. The French government departed Paris on June 10, and the Germans occupied the city on June 14.

What was free France in ww2?

Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre et les Forces françaises libres) was the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War, and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as an Allied nation, following the Fall of France.

How was France divided during ww2?

The Franco-German Armistice of June 22, 1940, divided France into two zones: one to be under German military occupation and one to be left to the French in full sovereignty, at least nominally.

Where was the demarcation line in France in WWII?

The French Demarcation line was the boundary line marking the division of Metropolitan France into the territory occupied and administered by the German Army (Zone occupée) in the northern and western part of France and the Zone libre (Free zone) in the south during World War II.

What happened to the French collaborators after WWII?

At the close of the war, France punished many Nazi collaborators: 9,000 were summarily executed during the liberation campaign, 1,500 were executed after a trial, and 40,000 were sentenced to prison.

Why was France so bad in ww2?

Its failure was a result of a hopelessly divided French political elite, a lack of quality military leadership, rudimentary French military tactics. On the battlefield, France faced a vastly more prepared German army that utilized both more advanced weapons and sophisticated tactics.

Why was France so useless in ww2?

The French weren’t defeated because their military was weaker than the German military, they were arguably stronger, had better equipment and were well prepared for the attack they expected. They weren’t defeated because German soldiers were any better than French soldiers.

What was the occupied zone in France?

The occupied zone (the French called it the “invaded zone”) Indeed, from October 1914 onwards the Germans controlled the mining, metalworking and textile-producing areas of the department of Nord which was at that time, along with Paris, the most powerful industrial region in France.